Chigugunya Pathogenesis

المرضية:
لقد أثبت الباحثون في المختبر أن الفيروس لا يتكاثر في خلايا الدم
تعميم (الخلايا اللمفاوية ، وحيدات) ولكن بشكل جيد في الضامة. هذه يمكن لذلك
التورط في إصابة الأنسجة مثل العضلات والمفاصل. يصيب الفيروس
أيضا معظم ما يسمى الخلايا “الملتصقة”: الخلايا البطانية ، الخلايا الظهارية ،
الليفية. يحاول الباحثون الآن تحديد طرق دخول الفيروس إلى هذه
أنواع الخلايا. انهم يدرسون أيضا بعض الخلايا التي تمنع تكرار الفيروس و
تسعى لتحديد آلية العمل.

The Chigugunya Vector

ناقلات:
والناقلات الرئيسية لانتقال فيروس الشيكونغونيا هي البعوض الإناث
مثل الزاعجة ، وأهمها Ae. aegypti و Ae. الضنك. البعوض
kind Aedes تنشط معظمها خلال اليوم ، مما يجعل من الصعب السيطرة عليها
النواقل.

2 MM Thiboutot، S Kannan، OU Kawalekar، DJ Shedlock، et al. شيكونغونيا: وباء ناشئ محتمل؟ بلوس
Disl Trop Dis. أبريل 2010 4 (4): e623.
 شيكونغونيا
CHIKUNGUYA معلومات ورقة
تلعب البعوض دورًا متجهًا وخزانًا لأنه لا يتأثر بالفيروس و
لا يزال مصابا طوال حياته (حوالي شهر). ويمكن أيضا أن ينقل الفيروس إلى الجيل
بجانب طريق المبيض. البيض يقاوم لعدة أشهر في البيئة الخارجية و
يمكن البقاء على قيد الحياة لفترة تجفيف طويلة تصل إلى عام. إذا كانوا مصابين ،
فقسهم يمكن أن يكون نقطة البداية لدورة جديدة من الفيروس.
وعزت. aegypti موجود حاليًا في المناطق بين المناطق الاستوائية في جميع القارات
قادر على إعادة استعمار المناطق التي تم القضاء عليها فيها ، مثل أوروبا
البحر الأبيض المتوسط. أهميته في انتقال يرتبط بكفاءته وناقلاته
ecology4 المنزل
. لديها تكيف جيد مع الحياة الحضرية (تتكاثر فيه
البيئة البشرية ، وخاصة في الإمداد بالمياه المنزلية) وقد طور
تقارب قوي للدم البشري (ويفضل أن لاذع البشر).
وعزت. Albopictus أو “البعوض النمر” تتوسع حاليا جغرافيا و
قادرة على استعمار البلدان المعتدلة لأن بيضها يمكن أن يدخل في diapause5
إذا كانت الظروف
غير مواتية. وعزت. الألبوبيكتوس يمكن أيضا ، في المختبر ، تضخيم و
نقل العديد من مسببات الأمراض مثل chikungunya وفيروس حمى الضنك.
كما تم اتهام عدد كبير من البعوض ، وخاصة الموجودة في أفريقيا
في انتقال فيروس chikungunya ، مثل: Ae. furcifer ، أي. تايلور ، أي.
vittatus ، Ae. فولجنز ، أي. luteocephalus، Ae. dalzieli ، Ae. vigilax ، Ae. camptorhyntites ، Ae. الإفريقي،
عبد اللطيف. neoafricanus وكذلك Cuul annulirostris و Mansonia uniformis.

Chikungunya (VCHIK)

الجرثومية:
فيروس chikungunya (VCHIK) هو فيروس ينتمي إلى فيروسات arbovirus (“فيروس تنقله المفصليات”
“). هذه هي فيروسات الحمض النووي الريبي التي تنتقل عن طريق المفصليات الماصة للدم (البعوض ،
الرمل والقراد). ينتمون إلى 3 عائلات رئيسية: Flaviviridae ، Togaviridae
و Bunyaviridae. فيروس chikungunya هو عضو في جنس alphavirus الذي ينتمي إلى
عائلة Togaviridae ومجمع مستضدات Semliki Forest (مع ، من بين أمور أخرى ، الفيروسات
نهر روس وأونيونغ نيونج). هناك عدة خطوط: شرق وجنوب أفريقيا وغرب أفريقيا و
آسيوي ، يمكن تمييزه فقط عن طريق تحليل الجينوم الفيروسي.
تم عزل هذا الفيروس لأول مرة في أوغندا في عام 1953 ، خلال وباء في
شرق افريقيا. اسم “chikungunya” يأتي من ماكوندي. وهذا يعني “الرجل المشي
عازمة “أو” كرة لولبية “، ويشير إلى ألم مفصلي تعطيل
المرضى الذين تعاقدوا مع فيروس الشيكونغونيا.

الخزان:
الخزانات الرئيسية هي البعوض والبشر والقرود الأخرى. الكائنات
البشر بمثابة خزان للفيروس خلال فترات الوباء ، بينما خلال
فترات الوباء ، تم تجريم العديد من الخزانات الأخرى مثل القرود ،
القوارض والطيور.
يتم الاحتفاظ الفيروسات في دورة الإنسان البعوض في المراكز الحضرية
المدارية. غالبًا ما تكون دورات قرد البعوض (دورة انتقال العدوى)
لوحظ في غابات غرب أفريقيا وجنوب شرق آسيا.

STD

What is sexually transmitted disease?

Sexually transmitted diseases are known as diseases that can be transmitted to another person through sexual intercourse.

Doctors call sexually transmitted diseases urine and genital infections because they can damage both the genital and urinary systems.

Sex in current society found that the rate of infection in normal life tends to spread during sexual intercourse and call these diseases sexually transmitted diseases.

Sequelae of sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted infections can lead to long-term or incurable health effects or worsen if treated improperly.

Infertility, impotence, and other infections can occur during pregnancy.

The infected mother will pass the infection to her child, so it is very important that all sexually transmitted diseases are diagnosed by a doctor and handled in time.

Infection route

Sexually active people are at a higher risk of infection, change partners without protection and infect other people.

However, the long-term relationship of the partner is the same if you still have the possibility of noticing the signs.

This is thought to be due to a sitting infection hidden in some bodies, and often no symptoms.

It may wear an infection, even if he is not aware, that you are infected with a previous union.

Women’s risk

It is higher than men because of the anatomical characteristics of women at risk for sexually transmitted diseases.

Main symptoms of infection

If you notice any of the following, contact your gynecologist or urologist immediately.

Main signs of infection

Abnormalities in the cage

Sagging or blisters on the genital mucosa

Irritation of the vagina, penis or rectum

Burning sensation during pain and urination

Increased frequency of urination

Pain during intercourse

It may be asymptomatic (most of men and women infected with Chlamydia and 9 out of 10 women infected with mania do not feel any symptoms).

What to do if you get infected

Only your doctor can tell you what you are infected and this can be used to treat an infection.

Time is very important and early treatment can prevent the majority of sexually transmitted diseases.

People with HIV infections that cause AIDS may be susceptible.

Unfortunately, some sexually transmitted diseases do not feel the sign, we do not see immediately.

It can be taken from a few days to a few years from the date of sign of infection or illness.

So if you think you are infected, you should test immediately.

Infection at home

The probability is very low and most sexually transmitted diseases are the only direct sexual contact contagious.

Extragenital passes can also spread through hygiene products and only infect lice and scabies.

Prevention

The first preventive measure is to increase immunity and prevent bacterial infection.

Sexually transmitted diseases cause harmful bacteria to enter the human body and cause complications, but there is a way to increase immunity by ingesting beneficial bacteria such as lactic acid bacteria, which are a type of good bacteria.

Since these intestinal bacteria will not be effective unless they reach the intestines, it is necessary to carefully select strong bacteria that do not lose stomach acid etc. for the types of lactic acid bacteria and good bacteria.

If a person is at risk for a disease that has passed through sex, it should be checked regularly to make sure that the injury does not show any symptoms.

These tests can be done on regular visits to the doctor’s office.

This is especially important before a married man started a new sexual relationship.

The person who is also known as the main symptom of the illness sent by gender, and that the review of the doctor, it seems to have any of these symptoms even if they appear mild .

Condom history and name

The roots of the barrier system are far back and are suspected by the Minoa civilization in Egypt and Crete. There are already detailed records for youth supplies from the Middle Ages.

The ancestors should finally be 1660-1685 in the English Charles II court. An active doctor, Dr. Condom, has been infected with preventive sheep and mutton.

Therefore, their lack of reliability, poor wearing comfort and high priced early condoms were not exactly bestsellers.

A pioneering invention made by American-American chemist and inventor Charles Goodyear: when it was changed, it was made to vulcanize rubber, making it possible water resistant and stable rubber production.

In the mid-19th century, finally came the first rubber condom on the market.

But its wall thickness of about 2 millimeters was something other than a guarantee of “authenticity”.

Today’s condoms are mainly made of latex.

Its wall thickness is only very thin 0.06-0.07mm, and some condoms are a little thin.

They come in all kinds of variations: in different sizes and colors, with a taste and yet a specially designed surface to enhance the sensation, or for anal sex.

People who suffer suffer from latex allergies, but can easily access condoms made from synthetic plastics.

These “rubbers” are biodegradable, so at least users of latex condoms need to have no conscience to protect the environment.

If you are not treated for chlamydia, you will have some health problems.

For women. If left untreated, Chlamydia infection can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and damage the fallopian tube (the tube that connects the ovary to the uterus) and infertility (no children).

Untreated Chlamydia infections can also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (fertilized egg transplants and expand out of the womb) In addition, Chlamydia (premature birth can cause premature birth) Newborns with eye infections, blindness, or pneumonia, causing infections can be passed along from her mother to her child.

Men’s. Chlamydia is a non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) or proctitis that is an infection of a urinary tract infection (a tube in which men and women urine), accessory testicular inflammation – a testicle (a tube that carries sperm away from the testes) – Rectal inflammation.

Widely adopted by teenagers

As part of the first demonstration project of HIV large-scale self-screening in Africa, a test for myself was distributed to the Malawi Blantyre community for all adults (over 16 years). If test adoption was generally high in the community, it was highest among adolescents and young adults. In the 12 months after its introduction in the community, virtually all adolescents (16-19 years) have been used, with over 80% of their male counterparts.

These figures are unprecedented in HIV testing for social barriers or passive groups, often unable to do so, because they are often related to structure and health systems. “In our community, young people are people who come in large quantities to take self-screening kits. They say they want their own future,” said a local consultant working at Blantyre.

Rachel Bagaly, a unified key group within the HIV / AIDS department and coordinator for prevention, said the results speak all. “This is beyond what is normally observed in terms of the use of HIV services for youth in sub-Saharan Africa. Self-screening could revolutionize HIV testing among young people.” She says.

Motivate young people to access testing and treatment

Self-screening is the first test to diagnose HIV, not itself. If a person has a positive result, indicating that it can be infected, he must go to a health facility for confirmation testing. If it is positive, we can establish a link between treatment and care.

The test is a form of finger puncture or oral secretion rapid test kit, the latter option favoring use by adolescents. “We took the kit and passed it in the mouth. Once this was done, it was put in a small glass jar containing the reagents that gave the result. , “Young 18-year-old says.

What is gonorrhea? Is it a scary illness?

Cervical inflammation, ureteral inflammation, rectal inflammation and conjunctival infection are most common.

The disease is an infectious disease that can pass through genital, rectal and pharyngeal contact.

When infected with gonorrhea, it is caused by bacteria called gonorrhea and is considered to be exclusively pathogenic to humans.

Gonorrhea risk group

Gonorrhea is most common among 15-19 year old women and 20-24 year old young adults, most of which become single unmarried.

Although the incidence of gonorrhea is high, it is considered a low-educated urban population.

An interesting data on infectious gonorrhea is the fact that the disease is driving more people than women and vice versa.

The probability of infection-free sexual contact in patients with this disease is between 40% and 60%.

There is also a 20 percent chance of contracting a person who has oral mania and illness and oral sex of the patient.

Symptoms of gonorrhea

Acute inflammation of the urinary tract is the most common clinical manifestation among men, studying the mania of the disease.

The dark yellow drainage tube, urethra and pain do not often increase the frequency and urgency of urine collection when collecting urine.

The first provision is mucus in some nature, but after one or two days it is richer and purulent.

Most symptomatic patients remain uninterested and inaccessible with a doctor’s diagnosis for treatment.

Among women, inflammatory discharge-cervical lining is a common symptom of the disease.

Sometimes, vaginal lubrication is involved in the secretion of women’s shows.

Consider urine and difficulty without urinating the increase in urinary sensation and inflammation, usually urinary sensation, that women may complain of.

These symptoms usually appear 10 days after infection.

Pain during intercourse can also occur in pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, and these complaints often indicate an expansion of the internal area beyond mania.

Diagnosis

Patients are in the high-risk group described above and generally have unprotected sexual intercourse or have unprotected sex with a partner with a manic disorder.

Diagnosis of gonorrhea is based on a combination of factors.

The clinical picture is derived from the patient complaints mentioned earlier, and the sexually transmitted disease test kit includes taking a sample from the genital area and taking a blood sample that feels the presence of bacteria.

Sexually transmitted disease test kit cost

The price of a sexually transmitted disease test kit is usually around 4,000 yen per item. Reference: https://std-test.biz/

However, it is cheaper if 6 items are put together.

Comorbidities

Women’s delays and lack of proper treatment for mania can cause complications of the joint fallopian tubes, infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

Among men, complications such as inflammation and stricture of the urethral prostate tile may occur.

Other complications that usually appear late in the disease are conjunctivitis and inflammation of the heart valve. Pregnant women who are timid can pass illness to their offspring.

treatment

In the past, treatment of gonorrhea was a conventional treatment with penicillin, but penicillin antibiotics in the increase of the causative fungus insulin is a family treatment mainly due to the disease gonorrhea.

Prevention

The most effective way to prevent infection of diseases such as sexually transmitted diseases is the use of condoms.

It is harmful bacteria that cause these sexually transmitted diseases, but there are also good bacteria that have beneficial effects on humans.

It has recently been found that taking lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria as representatives increases human immunity.

It is clear that raising immunity makes it less susceptible to infectivity and thus helps prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

This is a promising food for people who want to make their bodies less susceptible to infectivity.

Swabs from skin ulcers or secretions can be taken and tested for various microorganisms.

Women include a screening preview of the pelvic area.

It can take a cotton swab from the inside to look for vaginal infections, a cervical swab taken from an examination like Papanicolaou’s cervix.

It can also do urine and blood tests to look for diseases such as AIDS and syphilis.

A doctor told his patient that had sex permeated for the patient to examine the disease and tell his wife up to the subject for treatment as well.

Otherwise, his wife would be at risk that the patient reported infection they were at risk of being seriously ill and the patient himself could get infected again.

The issue of disease transmitted through sex may be the most difficult part of a relationship with a couple.

However, it is necessary to reduce the transmission of these diseases.

Disease caused is caused by bacteria. Infection is usually done through and affects unprotected sexual intercourse, both men and women. Symptoms of infection are loud and light, thinner and include urination with pain and pain. Because the symptoms are weak, infections often remain undetected.

Reduce with a preventive condom that can be done by taking the risk of infection. If the infection is detected in time with Chlamydia, it is incurable and is treated with antibiotics.

Human papillomavirus: widely used among women

Human papillomavirus short: In Germany, one in four women decides for a woman to HPV mucosa that has become a victim 30 and can grow tumors and eventually cause cervical cancer . So far more than 120 different types of HPV are known. About 20 percent and is associated with the development of viral cervical cancer. In addition, human papillomavirus causes genital warts, small pin head size skin growth in the genital area.

Men and women can be equally infected with HPV. HPV infection is often not recognized. Genital warts are usually unable to cause any pain when viewed with the naked eye at a later stage. Sometimes there may be itching and burning. Warts can usually be treated well, but even later can be a recurrence of successful wart treatment.

How often is gonorrhea?

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a very common infection in the United States. Every year, according to the CDC, there are 700,000 new cases, less than half of which are reported to the CDC. Sexually active teenagers are among the countries with the highest reported infection rates. In the United States, 334,826 mania has been reported.

How do I know timid?

Not all people who have gonorrhea have symptoms, so it can be difficult to know when to get treatment. Symptoms may appear within 2 to 10 days after exposure, but may take up to 30 days to develop.

During a routine check at a health center in Bernardo Posse San Miguel del Padron in the district of Havana, Cuba, she found that HIV was positive before her third pregnancy. Finding her could not prevent him from hoping for another child who was HIV positive. “Everything I wanted was healthy,” she said. And that’s what happened.

The doctors and nurses who took care of it took a series of measures to prevent the transmission of HIV to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Because they were detected and confirmed HIV, they got his consent and they scheduled a cesarean section for the 38th week of pregnancy and prescribed antiretroviral therapy.

After this, they also give newborns, Raul Antonio, treatment and follow regular controlled visits until age 18 months. When she knew that breastfeeding could send HIV, his mother would apply the advice of a doctor not breastfeeding. She then gave artificial milk.

As 2600 Cubans over 15 years old and living with HIV, Yunaisy can now bring children to the world without being infected by the virus. Since 2012, less than 2% of children were born from infected mothers, so since 2012 Cuba has recorded 1 to 2 cases of childhood HIV infection annually, suggesting that transmission has been eliminated ( HIV is infected at birth, and is the lowest possible rate with currently available methods of prevention.

With this success, Cuba is recognized by the WHO because the first country eliminated the transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis mother-child.

Cronobacter

Cronobacter genus

The genus Cronobacter (formerly Enterobacter Sakazaki) is a type of bacteria that is sometimes found in food.

What bacteria Cronobacter genus?
The genus Cronobacter is a kind of bacteria in the environment. Although this bacterium is not generally associated with human disease, it can cause serious and even fatal infections in rare cases. It can cause bacterial Cronobacter blood circulation and rare infections of the central nervous system, especially in neonates, associated with severe intestinal infections (necrotizing enterocolitis), blood poisoning (sepsis).

How do people get sick?
Although the natural source of bacteria, Cronobacter remains unknown, it is found in a number of foods, such as infant formula.

Infant formula (PIF) is not a sterile product. Bacteria Cronobacter can create a risk of infection if it survives in powder infants and the product is mixed with water and stored at room or warmer temperatures for extended periods of time. The bacterium Cronobacter grows rapidly at room temperature.

Infant formula is clonobacter contaminated with bacteria:

Depending on the raw materials used to manufacture them;
by a mixture of nursing staff.
Bacteria Cronobacter can cause disease in susceptible individuals of all ages, but they are babies, it is great for children under a year, who are supplied with a reconstitution ready Is to say risk. Children have less than 2 months of age, with Cronobacter premature birth, which is most vulnerable to bacterial infections, and low birth weight with impaired immune system. Mothers who are HIV positive may also need infant formula to make them more likely to infect them, so the risk also babies.

Bacteria Cronobacter can affect the mouth of a patient suffering from a stroke that can confer resistance to antibiotics administered therein to treat pneumonia. Bacteria are found in starch powders used to thicken foods for patients suffering from stroke, brain and other dietary supplements.

What are the symptoms and treatment?
Although the disease caused by bacteria is rare, Cronobacter is rare, they can endanger the lives of babies and newborns. Bacterial infections Cronobacter can cause inflammation of the lining of the brain (meningitis), blood poisoning (sepsis) and severe intestinal infections (necrotizing enterocolitis). These infections can in some cases be delayed in development or attack and death.

Diseases caused by bacteria Cronobacter usually reacts well to antibiotics, even when the bacteria are getting stronger. Survivors of these diseases can cause serious long-term complications such as neuropathy. Symptoms and complications are so important in adults.

How to avoid getting sick?
Bacteria Cronobacter does not survive above 60 ° C (140 ° F). Infant formulas are heat treated during processing, but unlike liquids, they are not exposed to high temperatures long enough to commercially sterilize the final product.

Here is a Cronobacter genus that shows tips for protecting yourself and protecting your family against bacteria:

Health Canada promotes breastfeeding and encourages infants and children to promote their benefits. Breastfeeding can prevent many foodborne and other health problems.
If you need to replace breast milk, choose infant formula based on the nutrition and health you need.
For high-risk infants (c.D., low birth weight and immunodeficiency in preterm infants), commercially available liquid infant milk (V.r. concentrate and ready to drink) is used Should not be because it is a sterile product, unless directed by a doctor or dietitian.
Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before (e) using the toilet or changing diapers before providing preparations and preparations.
Therefore, for
infants born in the middle of having low birth weight with impaired immune system, mix formula with boiling water for 2 minutes, then make recommendations for infant formula (PIF) preparation and handling Cool to at least 70 ° C (158 ° F).
For all other children, water previously boiled and cooled to room temperature or body temperature (37 ° C.) can be used to prepare the product. When ready, it helps to prepare the baby immediately.
Once activated bottles should be fed at 2 hour intervals. Expressions remaining after the bottle should be discarded.
Do not prepare at room temperature. Immediately use it in or put it in the refrigerator. The refrigeration preparation should be discarded after 24 hours.

Celiac disease

Linking
with gluten Celiac disease, also called gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is a hereditary disease caused by the consumption of cereals containing gluten. If your child has a disease, the immune system reacts negatively when gluten causes damage to the lining of the small intestine. This disease can cause chronic health conditions, can reduce an person’s ability to absorb nutrients such as iron, folic acid, calcium, vitamin D, protein, fat and carbohydrates, anemia, osteoporosis and digestion Some cancers of the tube.

Gluten is a barley, oat, rye, rye, wheat (p. Eg, hard wheat, spelled and kamut) all these grains that are present in the grains of different species or hybridized strains.

Quick Info
Celiac disease affects approximately 1% of the population. The only treatment is to maintain a gluten-free diet. Persons before biopsy and blood tests were done to ensure correct diagnosis should not stop eating gluten.

Symptoms of celiac disease

Diagnosing celiac disease is difficult because the symptoms (and their severity) are different from those of another person. In babies and children, celiac disease causes abnormal diarrhea and abdominal stretch. Other symptoms that may occur: Symptoms: short stature, anemia (weakness or low resistance), developing teeth, problems or delay defects.

The combination of blood tests, small intestine biopsy and symptoms disappears with the adoption of a gluten-free diet to diagnose celiac disease.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis

A parasite that can infect both the vagina and the urethra, trichomoniasis is caused by the protozoa of the vagina.

Male infections always occur in the urethra.

Symptoms

Men usually do not experience symptoms of trichomoniasis.

However, when symptoms appear, however, there may be discomfort and pain in the urethra of the head of the penis.

The most common symptoms in women

Itching and pain in the vagina

Fishy yellow and foamy cage

Painful intercourse

Lower abdominal pain

Parasites live in women of vagina years and exist so as not to feel.

Trichomoniasis in women can be complicated by pelvic inflammatory disease, prostate, epididymis and other reproductive organs in inflammation-male.

diffusion

Trichomonas infections are usually transmitted by sexual intercourse.

Infection through home contacts – rarely caused by poor poverty, so it survives in the external environment, but to reduce risk, it is necessary to follow home care measures.

Potential newborn infection from a sick mother at birth.

Treatment

Dr. Extracts the drug metronidazole that can clear the infection.

By eliminating trichomoniasis, doctors should be the same treatment partner and lycomonas can cloud not only small bacteria but also other reproductive pathogens to reduce the recurrence of infection Other sexual diseases must be excluded.

Hel

Herpes

Herpes is a viral disease and many people think that herpes is the only leap disease through sexual contact, but this idea is only partially correct.

There are several types of herpes, different modes of infection and different clinical symptoms of symptoms.

Herpes type

Herpes is actually a collective term for many diseases, and there are actually eight types of herpes.

HHV-1-Herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) is the most common and best known of this type and is also known as oral herpes because it occurs mainly around the mouth and lips.

HHV-2-Herpes simplex 2 (HSV-2), also referred to as this type, is considered to be genital herpes, which is mainly done with genitals.

HHV-3-Virus and Ritzlh-Herpes zoster (VZV), this type of herpes is childhood, and in addition, especially the main cause of chickenpox, this type is also the disease herpes zoster (herpes zoster), Causes more common diseases at older ages.

HHV-4-Virus, Epstein-Beer (EBV), this type of herpes is also known as “kiss disease”.

The lymphoma of the bear-herpes can also be a risk factor for this type of cancer and pharyngeal cancer.

HHV-5 – Virus (cytomegalovirus or CMV), this type of herpes, tends to cause things and confuse this virus, Epstein-Barr virus.

HHV-6-This type of herpes disease usually makes reddish springs.

The disease is most prevalent in the early stages and falls into one of the six “disease rash” classics common at this age.

HHV-7, herpes causes HHV-6, a similar respiratory tract infection of this type.

HHV-8 is known as herpes, a type of sarcoma, because the primary disease is the most common in AIDS patients and causes Kaposi’s sarcoma.

Infected with herpes

It is widely described that herpes is an unprotected sex permeation disease.

Illness is most common among young people, but the golden age of herpes is also available.

Each of the eight types of herpes has a different method of infection.

Herpes virus type 1 may be oral sexual contact, but can be accessed using food, drinks, and bodily fluids of the sick.

Herpes type 2 passes unprotected sexual contact, but can also report and move in the event that genital herpes pain is not protected.

Herpes type 3, herpes is very contagious and usually enters cough, sneeze, any kind of contact, and distribution of food and drink.

Today there is a vaccine given in childhood against this virus.

Herpes herpes type 4 and type 5 through close contact with the sick, fluency, coughing, sneezing from the embryo, mother to fetus etc. These are these types.

Send herpes through the secretion of saliva herpes type 6 and type 7, sick and then close contact from mother to fetus.

Herpes types, such as herpes virus type 8, not yet fully known about him, including the method of infection, are under multiple of medical research, and through this type of sexual intercourse, organ transplantation, blood donation There is evidence that

In general, it is very difficult to treat diseases caused by viruses.

Symptomatic treatment is usually combined with rest and some antiviral drugs such as acyclovir and acyclovir.

Today, soft laser treatment treatments and complementary therapies can be used.

Herpes

Herpes
Lips and genitals: There are two types of herpes simplex virus.

In the first case, the infection gets cold stomatitis or vesicles.

Unlike genital herpes, it is not classified as STD.

Herpes is an incurable infection that can ever recur.

When the virus first enters the body, it immediately attacks and kills the cells.

The immune system remains inactive to fight some time in the cell, but the reason is unknown, restarts and the beginning of a new phase of herpes.

Symptoms
A person begins to notice the first signs of a virus.

Form vesicles in the lips or mouth. Genital herpes, 2 men and women have painful urination, genital itching and blisters on them.

After developing into blisters, under the yellow burst group is the most common red spot.

In that place is an ulcer that heals in about 10 days and still hurts.

Infection usually suffers from anorexia from fever and / or sweating on the pubic area.

Male blisters in the vulva region occur in the penis in the field, the head of the testicles, and women.

The virus can also be transmitted to the vagina and cervix for infection.

In such cases, doctors are usually advised to perform a Papanicolaou test and an increased risk of cervical cancer.

It is a very contagious infection, especially if the blisters are visible / surface, but herpes virus does not affect the reproductive organs.

Herpes is usually sent in close physical contact (eg kissing, oral sex or vaginal sex, etc.).

This virus is not “friendly” high temperature, so using a hot tub, steam room, swimming pool is not a place that can be attacked.

If you do not want to infect your partner, you must make sure that the blister area is protected.

The most reliable way is to refrain from sex, but condoms can, of course, be used if blisters in the genital area are limited and not touched in a healthy place.

Pregnant women can pass the infection during the birth of their newborn baby, usually a cesarean section is performed.

Treatment
If you first appear for signs of discomfort or rash, seek medical attention immediately.

The drug (acyclovir) ointment used for lip herpes virus, observed vesicles, resulting in the user’s first signs of infection benefits should be confirmed.

It is recommended that the affected areas be uncovered, clean and dry.

Rather than stopping cold sores, 5 days after the first sign was detected orally or antivirals can be allowed.

In any case, we are not yet any cure that completely removes the virus from the body.

In order to prevent bacterial infection, it is necessary to follow all hygiene rules.

If you touch the infected part in any way, touch the rest of the body and wash your hands thoroughly with soap.

It is important for the immune system to fight the virus, it is important to learn to avoid stress or manage it.

It is recommended not to get tired, sleep, regular diet, eat more vegetables and fruits and avoid caffeine, alcohol, sunlight and smoke.

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April 2015
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HPV

Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes genital warts, some strains of viruses that cause warts are genetically easily distinguishable.

Looks like a small with an irregular, cauliflower-like surface.

It develops wart color and shape, only genital surface, depending on which part of the body, unlike men, women can also have warts inside the vagina.

Caused by HPV infection or HPV-related illness.

Skin: simple and flat wart

Mucosal papillomatosis

Genital: Condyloma

Symptoms

The symptoms of genital warts are almost unnoticeable except for the appearance of warts.

Some people experience inflammation and itching around the affected area.

The most common sites are exposed to female vulva and perineum.

Genital warts can also appear on the vagina, cervix and anus.

Male warts usually appear on the penis, foreskin and urethra, scrotum and anal head.

Men on the head of the penis are sometimes normal and do not mix with warts, producing luminescent spots called pearly papules.

Many people can have genital warts (HPV) strains without any symptoms.

HPV infects humans, the virus sends contact and sexual contact, and the mother’s infection can be transferred to the newborn at birth.

diffusion

HPV is very contagious and is usually transmitted to intimate contact between wet surfaces during (oral, vaginal sex).

Treatment

Like all warts, treatment can be a very difficult process because genital warts tend to recur.

There are several treatments, consult your doctor for the best for you.

Wart treatment

We used a keratolytic substance that dissolved plaster in the stratum corneum of the skin (oil, varnish, salicylic acid and lactic acid aqueous solution, cytotoxic drugs, fluorouracil cream, immunomodulator (imiquimod cream)).

Surgery – Warts were frozen in liquid nitrogen, electrocoagulated and the laser removed.

General – Wart or repetitive, anti-viral drugs for the administration of immunomodulators and increased immunity.

Treatment

There is topical treatment (eg, fluorouracil ointment) in the early stages of the disease.

Can be used for process spread.

Electrocoagulation (shochu)

Frozen nitrogen

Laser treatment

Surgical resection

If there is an occurrence of genital tract condyloma in the event, any similar violation of the skin or mucous membranes, it is a wise and sex partner examination and treatment.

Regular visits to specialists (dermatologists and gynecologists, urologists) can recur after treatment of the disease.

How to protect yourself

Observe personal hygiene to avoid the occurrence of warts – use your towels frequently by hand washing and changing your feet, socks daily.

Safe sex also reduces risk.

HIV

AIDS

Disease characteristics

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a disease that is induced in the final stage that appears as a lack of immunity, helping the body to protect against infections.

Disease organ or body part

Initially the number of lymphocytes falls below the critical threshold and opportunistic infections begin.

Nervous, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, skin, and finally death from infection.

Children account for 1% of AIDS patients and die.

About 10 years later, people living with HIV live 2-3 years before the emergence of AIDS.

Africa is an HIV and AIDS-related socio-economic crisis because most patients are functioning and reach age.

Cause of illness

Terminate all risks of HIV infection, trigger lymphocyte count when AIDS occurs, and HIV infection.

Vaccines against the most common infectious diseases, preventive use of antibiotics, infectious diseases, and avoiding other infectious diseases, although there is no reduction in lymphocytes as a target of preventive measures.

Symptoms and signs

Common signs are weakness, weight loss, night sweats

Dysphagia, painful oral mucosa

Respiratory distress, cough, chest pain

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Lesions and rashes

Nervous system: Injured mind, mental retardation, paralysis

Mental symptoms: depression, suicide

Weakness, bleeding, pale skin

Diagnosis of disease

The test reveals opportunistic infections.

Head, eyes, ears, throat-oral candidiasis, leukoplakia, retinitis, otitis media, tonsillitis.

Lymph node swelling (lymph node enlargement), stiff neck

Signs of meningitis

Respiratory system-increased lung tissue integration.

Liver and spleen

Neurological symptoms-meningitis, dementia, neurological local symptoms (neurological defect status)

Spotted, hill rash (red spots on the skin also appear in blisters), folliculitis, certain herpes simplex, Kaposi sarcoma, drug rash

Hematopoietic system-anemia, blood coagulation disorder, (gum, mouth, intestinal mucosa, bleeding punctate, ecchymosis)

Clinical examination

The blood prescribes specific antibodies against HIV.

Arterial blood gas-hypoxia levels are usually caused by carini (indicating pneumonia).

Blood cell loss, anemia, electrolyte imbalance, urea level

Cultivated from blood cultures containing fungi and tuberculosis, positive blood bacterial cultures.

Regular fecal crop

Target, liver, pancreas, kidney damage

Disease treatment

Treatment covers opportunistic infections and supportive care (oxygen therapy, fluid loss and recovery, etc.).

They were also treated intensively with antiretroviral therapy (see HIV infection).

Many bacteria with antibiotics (such as imipenem, metronidazole, vancomycin and azithromycin), antifungal drugs (such as amphotericin B, clotrimazole), antiviruses (acyclovir, ganciclovir, valacyclovir, foscarnet), parasites, pharmaceuticals ( Pentamidine).

Glucocorticoids, vincristine, blood transfusions, spleen removal used to treat thrombocytopenia.

Used to treat fetal blood stimulants (erythropoietin).

Prognosis is poor, with appropriate treatment, survival is not more than 3 years.

It is therefore very important to apply prevention of HIV exposure (see HIV infection).