Disease characteristics

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a disease that is induced in the final stage that appears as a lack of immunity, helping the body to protect against infections.

Disease organ or body part

Initially the number of lymphocytes falls below the critical threshold and opportunistic infections begin.

Nervous, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, skin, and finally death from infection.

Children account for 1% of AIDS patients and die.

About 10 years later, people living with HIV live 2-3 years before the emergence of AIDS.

Africa is an HIV and AIDS-related socio-economic crisis because most patients are functioning and reach age.

Cause of illness

Terminate all risks of HIV infection, trigger lymphocyte count when AIDS occurs, and HIV infection.

Vaccines against the most common infectious diseases, preventive use of antibiotics, infectious diseases, and avoiding other infectious diseases, although there is no reduction in lymphocytes as a target of preventive measures.

Symptoms and signs

Common signs are weakness, weight loss, night sweats

Dysphagia, painful oral mucosa

Respiratory distress, cough, chest pain

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Lesions and rashes

Nervous system: Injured mind, mental retardation, paralysis

Mental symptoms: depression, suicide

Weakness, bleeding, pale skin

Diagnosis of disease

The test reveals opportunistic infections.

Head, eyes, ears, throat-oral candidiasis, leukoplakia, retinitis, otitis media, tonsillitis.

Lymph node swelling (lymph node enlargement), stiff neck

Signs of meningitis

Respiratory system-increased lung tissue integration.

Liver and spleen

Neurological symptoms-meningitis, dementia, neurological local symptoms (neurological defect status)

Spotted, hill rash (red spots on the skin also appear in blisters), folliculitis, certain herpes simplex, Kaposi sarcoma, drug rash

Hematopoietic system-anemia, blood coagulation disorder, (gum, mouth, intestinal mucosa, bleeding punctate, ecchymosis)

Clinical examination

The blood prescribes specific antibodies against HIV.

Arterial blood gas-hypoxia levels are usually caused by carini (indicating pneumonia).

Blood cell loss, anemia, electrolyte imbalance, urea level

Cultivated from blood cultures containing fungi and tuberculosis, positive blood bacterial cultures.

Regular fecal crop

Target, liver, pancreas, kidney damage

Disease treatment

Treatment covers opportunistic infections and supportive care (oxygen therapy, fluid loss and recovery, etc.).

They were also treated intensively with antiretroviral therapy (see HIV infection).

Many bacteria with antibiotics (such as imipenem, metronidazole, vancomycin and azithromycin), antifungal drugs (such as amphotericin B, clotrimazole), antiviruses (acyclovir, ganciclovir, valacyclovir, foscarnet), parasites, pharmaceuticals ( Pentamidine).

Glucocorticoids, vincristine, blood transfusions, spleen removal used to treat thrombocytopenia.

Used to treat fetal blood stimulants (erythropoietin).

Prognosis is poor, with appropriate treatment, survival is not more than 3 years.

It is therefore very important to apply prevention of HIV exposure (see HIV infection).