AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a disease that is induced in the final stage that appears as a lack of immunity, helping the body to protect against infections.
Disease organ or body part
Initially the number of lymphocytes falls below the critical threshold and opportunistic infections begin.
Nervous, respiratory, digestive, urogenital, skin, and finally death from infection.
Children account for 1% of AIDS patients and die.
About 10 years later, people living with HIV live 2-3 years before the emergence of AIDS.
Africa is an HIV and AIDS-related socio-economic crisis because most patients are functioning and reach age.
Cause of illness
Terminate all risks of HIV infection, trigger lymphocyte count when AIDS occurs, and HIV infection.
Vaccines against the most common infectious diseases, preventive use of antibiotics, infectious diseases, and avoiding other infectious diseases, although there is no reduction in lymphocytes as a target of preventive measures.
Symptoms and signs
Common signs are weakness, weight loss, night sweats
Dysphagia, painful oral mucosa
Respiratory distress, cough, chest pain
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
Lesions and rashes
Nervous system: Injured mind, mental retardation, paralysis
Mental symptoms: depression, suicide
Weakness, bleeding, pale skin
Diagnosis of disease
The test reveals opportunistic infections.
Head, eyes, ears, throat-oral candidiasis, leukoplakia, retinitis, otitis media, tonsillitis.
Lymph node swelling (lymph node enlargement), stiff neck
Signs of meningitis
Respiratory system-increased lung tissue integration.
Liver and spleen
Neurological symptoms-meningitis, dementia, neurological local symptoms (neurological defect status)
Spotted, hill rash (red spots on the skin also appear in blisters), folliculitis, certain herpes simplex, Kaposi sarcoma, drug rash
Hematopoietic system-anemia, blood coagulation disorder, (gum, mouth, intestinal mucosa, bleeding punctate, ecchymosis)
The blood prescribes specific antibodies against HIV.
Arterial blood gas-hypoxia levels are usually caused by carini (indicating pneumonia).
Blood cell loss, anemia, electrolyte imbalance, urea level
Cultivated from blood cultures containing fungi and tuberculosis, positive blood bacterial cultures.
Regular fecal crop
Target, liver, pancreas, kidney damage
Treatment covers opportunistic infections and supportive care (oxygen therapy, fluid loss and recovery, etc.).
They were also treated intensively with antiretroviral therapy (see HIV infection).
Many bacteria with antibiotics (such as imipenem, metronidazole, vancomycin and azithromycin), antifungal drugs (such as amphotericin B, clotrimazole), antiviruses (acyclovir, ganciclovir, valacyclovir, foscarnet), parasites, pharmaceuticals ( Pentamidine).
Glucocorticoids, vincristine, blood transfusions, spleen removal used to treat thrombocytopenia.
Used to treat fetal blood stimulants (erythropoietin).
Prognosis is poor, with appropriate treatment, survival is not more than 3 years.
It is therefore very important to apply prevention of HIV exposure (see HIV infection).